From JTO Clinical and Research Reports
BRIEF REPORT| VOLUME 3, ISSUE 8, 100335, AUGUST 01, 2022
- Christine M. Bestvina, MD
- Jennifer G. Whisenant, PhD
- Valter Torri, MD
- Marina Chiara Garassino, MD
- Javier Baena, MD
- On behalf of theTERAVOLT study group
- Show all authors
Open Access Published: May 19, 2022
The Thoracic Centers International coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Collaboration (TERAVOLT) registry found approximately 30% mortality in patients with thoracic malignancies during the initial COVID-19 surges. Data from South Africa suggested a decrease in severity and mortality with the Omicron wave. Our objective was to assess mortality of patients with thoracic malignancies with the Omicron-predominant wave and evaluate efficacy of vaccination.
A prospective, multicenter observational study was conducted. A total of 28 institutions contributed data from January 14, 2022, to February 4, 2022. Inclusion criteria were any thoracic cancer and a COVID-19 diagnosis on or after November 1, 2021. End points included mortality, hospitalization, symptomatic COVID-19 infection, asymptomatic COVID-19 infection, and delay in cancer therapy. Analysis was done through contingency tables and a multivariable logistic model.
We enrolled a total of 346 patients. Median age was 65 years, 52.3% were female, 74.2% were current or former smokers, 86% had NSCLC, 72% had stage IV at time of COVID-19 diagnosis, and 66% were receiving cancer therapy. Variant was unknown for 70%; for those known, Omicron represented 82%. Overall mortality was 3.2%. Using multivariate analysis, COVID-19 vaccination with booster compared with no vaccination had a protective effect on hospitalization or death (OR = 0.30, confidence interval: 0.15–0.57, p = 0.0003), whereas vaccination without booster did not (OR = 0.64, confidence interval: 0.33–1.24, p = 0.1864). Cancer care was delayed in 56.4% of the patients.
TERAVOLT found reduced patient mortality with the most recent COVID-19 surge. COVID-19 vaccination with booster improved outcomes of hospitalization or death. Delays in cancer therapy remain an issue, which has the potential to worsen cancer-related mortality.
Read the full report here: https://bit.ly/3DeJQx7